KARACHI: Launching Rs 51.2 billion 5-year Costed Implementation Plan for family planning, Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah has said human development consists of health, education and poverty, and these three elements deteriorate if population growth goes unchecked.
Addressing the CIP launching ceremony held at the CM Hous on Thursday, the chief minister said that human development and overall prosperity is compromised with high growth rate. Therefore, family planning and reproductive health are on top of the agenda of his government. “I think top of it launching of the CIP would be of a great help,” he hoped.
MNA Azra Pechuho, Shehnaz Wazir Ali, Chief Secretary Siddique Memon, Principal Secretary to CM Alamuddin Bullo, Health Secretary Saeed Mangnijo, Population Welfare Department Secretary Saleem Raza Khuhro, CIP team leader Dr Talib Lashari and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation members were present on the occasion.
Briefing the meeting, Population Welfare Secretary Saleem Raza Khuhro said that Pakistan is ranked 146th within 187 countries under the low human development category. The population growth rate in Sindh is two percent per year. Presently, the population of Sindh is 45.9 million and if the growth ratio remained stagnant at two percent, the population of the province would touch 60 million in 2020, he emphasised.
Giving some important indicators of Sindh, Saleem Khuhro said that presently total fertility rate (TFR) is 3.9 percent while in 1990-91 it was 5.1 and in 2001 it was at 4.8 percent. Similarly contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) is 24.3 percent, while in 1990 it was 9.1, and in 2001, 20.2 percent. This shows a commendable improvement, he added.
Quoting Pakistan Demographic Health Survey, CIP team leader Dr Talib Lashari said that in 1990, ratio of women want no more births (WWNB) was 35.8 percent, and the same grew to 51.2 in 2012-13. Similarly, unmet need for contraceptive ratio in 1990 was 23.9 percent, and now it has come down to 20.8 percent. Talking about objective and target of CIP up to 2020, Dr Lashari said that the CPR would be enhanced from 30 percent to 45 percent, unmet need for family planning from 21 percent to 14 percent and to ensure contraceptive commodity security up to 80 percent for all public sector outlets by 2018.
The chief minister appreciating the efforts and spirit of donor agency urged the Population Welfare Department to achieve the target as stated in the presentation.