Iran, China agree $600b trade deal after sanctions

DUBAI:Iran and China agreed to expand bilateral ties and increase trade to $600 billion in the next 10 years, President Hassan Rouhani said on Saturday during a visit to Tehran by Chinese President Xi Jinping.Xi is the second leader of a UN Security Council member to visit Tehran after the nuclear deal Iran struck with world powers last year.Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Tehran in November.Iran emerged from years of economic isolation this month when the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog ruled it had curbed its nuclear programme, clearing the way for the lifting of UN, US, and European Union sanctions.“Iran and China have agreed to increase trade to $600 billion in the next 10 years,” Rouhani said at a news conference with Xi broadcast live on state television.“Iran and China have agreed on forming strategic relations (as) reflected in a 25-year comprehensive document,” he said.Iran and China signed 17 accords on Saturday, including on cooperation in nuclear energy and a revival of the ancient Silk Road trade route, known in China as One Belt, One Road.

“China is still heavily dependent on Iran for its energy imports and Russia needs Iran in terms of its new security architecture vision for the Middle East,” said Ellie Geranmayeh, policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.“Iran plays quite an integral role for both China and Russia’s interests within the region, much more than it does for the Europeans,” Geranmayeh said.
Xi was quoted as saying by China’s Xinhua news agency: “The China-Iran friendship .it has stood the test of the vicissitudes of the international landscape.”The Chinese state-backed Global Times newspaper said in an editorial on Saturday that China hoped to improve ties with Iran as part of its sweeping plan to rebuild trade links with Europe and Asia and carve out new markets for its goods.“China is of course considering its self interest in strengthening cooperation with Iran, especially at a time when China is in the midst of expending efforts to push forward the One Belt, One Road initiative, Iran is an important fulcrum,” the paper said.Rouhani said the countries had also agreed to cooperate on “terrorism and extremism in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Yemen”.China signalled its support for Yemen’s government, which is fighting an Iran-allied militia, during Xi’s visit to Saudi Arabia, Iran’s rival for influence in the region, this week.Iran has called on China to join the fight against the Islamic State militant group and play a more active role in the region.Tehran is widely credited with convincing Russia to start its military intervention in Syria and join the fight against Islamic State.“Although China and Russia backed UN sanctions against Iran on its nuclear programme, they were also heavily pushing for special waivers to continue trading with Iran,” Geranmayeh said.“Iran had a relationship both politically and economically with China and Russia for the last ten years in ways that it hasn’t had with Europe.So it’s quite natural to see it opening up first to these countries.” The Chinese president was to meet Iran’s most powerful figure, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, later in the day.AFP adds: It is the first visit to Iran by a Chinese president in 14 years, according to state news agency IRNA, and comes just days after sanctions against Tehran were lifted.Beijing has long taken a backseat to other diplomatic players in the Middle East but analysts say the region is crucial to Xi’s signature foreign policy initiative – known as “One Belt One Road” – touted as a revival of ancient Silk Road trade routes.Trade between the two countries was worth $52 billion in 2014.They did not give details of their goal of developing relations worth $600 billion over the next decade.According to Iranian media, more than a third of Iran’s foreign trade is carried out with China.The two presidents issued a joint statement outlining a long-term “comprehensive strategic partnership”.The two countries agreed to enhance cooperation including in fossil and renewable energy, transportation, railways, ports, industry, commerce and services, said the statement, published by Mehr news agency.

China has committed to “invest and finance upstream and downstream energy projects in Iran,” it said.China “acknowledges Iran’s constructive role in the fight against terrorism and maintaining peace and stability in the region,” it added, while supporting Tehran’s increased role in regional and international affairs.

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