China is completely devoted for its mission to Mars to take place by the end of the decade. With passage of time, it has been moving an inch closer to realize the same. Its aim got a positive push as China on Sunday has recovered an experimental probe launched aboard a new generation rocket.
Mars mission is on the top of to-do list for China. The nation, which is aiming to launch a mission to Mars by 2020, was motivated as it has recovered an experimental probe aboard a new generation rocket on Sunday.
As per the authorities concerned, the launch of the spaceship aboard the newly developed Long March 7 rocket On Saturday was considered as a big success in the use of safer, more environmentally friendly fuels.
The launch was vital, as it marked the first use of the new Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on the southern island province of Hainan. The landing of the spaceship, which took place on the vast Inner Mongolian steppe, keeps China to remain on schedule to launch its second space station in the orbit by September this year.
China has been progressing in its space-related missions since the time its first manned mission was launched in 2003. China has sent its experimental space station, the Tiangong 1 and now, its second space station, Tiangong 2, is due to be launched in space in September. For its launch, China is developing the Long March 5 heavier-lift rocket.
After that, the Shenzhou 11 spaceship with two astronauts on board is scheduled to dock with the station and it will be there for many days. There could be a possibility that a manned landing on the moon take place in the coming time.
The Long March 7 rocket is capable of lifting around 30,000 pounds into low earth orbit. The launch mattered even more because it used more sustainable, powerful fuel. It was a mix of kerosene and liquid oxygen and not the more toxic hypergolic propellants that China has used in its earlier rockets.
The rocket was launched closer to the equator so that it required less propellant and save the saved the nation’s around $6 million every time that blasted off.
Later this year, the success of the Long March 7 will be eclipsed by the heavy-lift Long March 5 that will be able to carry up to 55,000 pounds. The Long March 5 is expected to undergo tests by the end of this year and could carry the lunar probe Change’e and the core module for China’s space station and Mars probe.
China has ambitious plans in space arena and has spent a lot in its space program. It plans to have more than 200 spacecraft in orbit by 2020. It also plans to carry out around 30 launches in a year. Experts think that advancement seen in China’s space program reflects its rising global stature and improved technical expertise.
Experts added that not only China wants to explore the far reaches of the universe, but there are many other Asian countries that want to do much more than just replicating the accomplishments of the Americans and Russians.
With time, China has been seen collaborating with India, Russia and the European Space Agency. It does not collaborate with NASA as US law prevents the American space agency to do so. China maintains that its space program is peaceful and are just operated by its military is a matter of concern for America.
According to a report in ABC News by Alyssa Newcomb, ” China successfully launched its Long March 7 rocket over the weekend in a key test that will pave the way for a planned space station set to become operational by 2022. Blasting off from the Hainan Wenchang Space Launch Center in southern China, the 53-meter rocket carried a mock-up of China’s next generation crew spacecraft so officials could find out how the vessel fared during re-entry. The new vehicle could one day be used to help service the China’s future space station.”
Using a parachute landing system, similar to the Russian Soyuz, the dummy spacecraft landed safely in the Badain Jaran Desert in Northwest China after spending 20 hours in orbit, Chinese officials said. “It was designed to collect aerodynamic and heat data for a re-entry capsule, to verify key technologies such as detachable thermal protection structure and lightweight metal materials manufacturing, and to carry out blackout telecommunication tests,” China’s space program said in a statement.
A report published in the Sacbee News said, “Following that, the Shenzhou 11 spaceship with two astronauts on board is scheduled to dock with the station and remain for several days. Administrators suggest a manned landing on the moon may also be in the program’s future. A source of enormous national pride, China’s military-backed space program plans a total of 20 space missions this year at a time when the U.S. and other countries’ programs are seeking new roles.”
China is also developing the Long March 5 heavier-lift rocket needed to launch the Tiangong 2 and other massive payloads. China plans to launch a mission to land a rover on Mars by 2020, attempting to recreate the success of the U.S. Viking 1 mission that landed a rover on the planet four decades ago.
“China’s rise as a space power has important national security implications for the United States, which relies on its own space capabilities to assess and monitor current and emerging threats to national security and project military power globally,” reads the 2015 Report to Congress of the China-US Economic and Security Review Commission. “China’s aspirations are driven by its assessment that space power enables the country’s military modernization and would allow it to challenge US information superiority during a conflict,” according to a news report published by CS Monitor.
Even so, China and India are pushing the boundaries of space travel. India was the first Asian country to reach Mars, doing so with $75 million, compared with the NASA Maven, which cost the American space agency $670 million to enter the orbit of the Red Planet at the same time as India’s Mangalyaan Hindi, as the Monitor’s Simone McCarthy reported earlier this month. India has also seen success with its miniature reusable rocket. Privately-owned space companies have also tested reusable rockets. Blue Origin has completed four such successful launches and landings, while SpaceX’s fourth is scheduled for the fall.